Bob Marley's melanoma story

This is the Bob Marley melanoma story. Passionate about skin cancer prevention, detection and treatment, National Skin Cancer Centres shares this story to teach about melanoma.

Bob Marley was a Jamaican singer, songwriter and musician, and considered one of the pioneers of reggae. He died in 1981 aged 36 from a melanoma that started under his big toenail in 1977.

The first doctor he consulted thought the lesion on his toe was a soccer injury. After it began to look worse, Marley consulted another doctor who biopsied the spot and discovered that it was melanoma.

The recommendation was to amputate his toe, but Marley chose to have excision surgery instead, in which the surgeon removed the nail and surrounding tissue.

Marley had no further treatment and did well until he collapsed in New York City in 1980. He was rushed to hospital and tests revealed that the melanoma had spread to his brain, lungs and stomach.

He refused his doctor's treatment plan and went to Germany to try alternative treatments including exercise, ozone injections and vitamins.

Marley's condition continued to worsen and he chartered a plane to return to Jamaica. While in flight, his condition became critical and the plane performed an emergency landing in Miami where Marley passed away. He never made it back to his beloved Jamaica.

Marley was reportedly only 82 pounds when he died.

We share Marley's story because it demonstrates that even people with darker skin can get melanoma, and that skin cancers have the best chance of successful cure when treated early.

In those with dark skin, melanoma often develops in places that do not get a lot of sun exposure such as inside the mouth, on the tongue, under the fingernails and toenails, and on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

Marley's story highlights the importance of primary care physicians being confident and skilled in the diagnosis of skin cancer, and shows that early detection gives patients the best chance of successful treatment.

If Marley's first doctor hadn't misdiagnosed the melanoma, Marley may have received earlier treatment that could have potentially saved his life.

His story also reminds patients not to be complacent and to take precautions against skin cancer, no matter their skin type.

Just like his music, Bob Marley's melanoma story lives on to educate and impact others.

Written by National Skin Cancer Centres